gum disease treatment at home
Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a condition in which the gums, deeper supporting tissue and even the bone surrounding teeth become infected. The first stage is a build-up of plaque on the teeth.
Plaque is a sticky white substance formed when bacteria in the mouth mix with saliva and residues from starchy foods and sugar in the diet.
If plaque is not properly removed by brushing and flossing, it accumulates and hardens underneath the gum line into tartar - a hard white material that can be visible if stained yellow by tea, coffee or smoking.
Once tartar builds up, it is much more difficult to remove than plaque and usually requires cleaning by a dentist. Over time, it can lead to inflamed gums, or gingivitis, and they will bleed with brushing or flossing.
Recent Department of Health studies have found that around 54 per cent of adults have this early stage of gum disease, which is easily reversed by professional cleaning and good home care.